Pitta Definition and Action

The very first and the most important interaction for our physical existence is that of the ovum and sperm before our conception in order to create the first embryonic cell.

After this,  the chain reaction that culminates with our birth is as follows:

food – mother’s digestive enzymes – placenta – embryonic cells –mitochondria – new embryonic proteins – energy – tissue creation – culminating in the foetus formation.

3.5 millionths of a gram (the weight of a cell) is transformed into 3.5 kilograms (the average weight of a newborn in Europe).

A result of millions of chemical reactions for the production of substances, structures, energy, heat and  for the  function of  the heart, nervous, immune systems etc.

What is Pitta?

Pitta is the energy that enables molecules, substances to interact, and their action-reaction  produces new substances or energy. Pitta is the energy between substances that connects them and determines how they interact.

Stones for example do not react with digestive fluids! There is insufficient pitta energy for this reaction.

However, stones do dissolve in sulphuric acid as there is more pitta in relation to gastric fluids.

If our mother’s stomach had insufficient gastric fluids (no pitta) there would not be sufficient nutrient absorption for the embryo to grow.

If the first foetal cell did not have balanced pitta, it would not have been able to metabolise, resulting in the arrest of its development.

Action of Pitta according to Astanga Hrdayam ch.11, verse 2-3

Digestion: action of gastric, pancreatic, intestinal, liver enzymes.

Body temperature: Reactions in hypothalamic nuclei

Hunger, thirst, appetite: hypothalamic function, leptin activity, insulin, CCK., GLP-1, Ghrelin, PeptideYY, etc.

The colour, the complexion of the skin: brain nuclei, melatonin, hemoglobin, vascular tone, mood (loss of colour, became white as a sheet)

Intelligence, values, courage:  activity of serotonin and  dopamine , ability to learn, neuroplasticity.

Softness, body elasticity: the result of chemical reactions and heat (warming up for gymnastics)


- Dr Nikolaos Kostopoulos