Vāta definition and action

The concept of three energies or three doshas in Ayurveda is based on the elemental way in which our body functions. How our molecules, chemicals, tissues and organs interact with each other and with the environment.

The first energy is the vāta energy or kinetic energy in our body.

We have three tissues that have the quality of automation or spontaneous excitability via the constant movement of ions through their cell membranes. Nervous tissue, smooth muscles and heart muscle. Without the constant movement in these tissues, life would not exist on a physical level.

In order to have any physical movement, neurotransmitters must be released, and it is from the brain that any voluntary or involuntary movement starts, is maintained and finishes.

What is Vata

For a molecule of dopamine to be secreted, the sodium potassium pump has to function.

The energy required to secrete a sodium ion through the cell membrane or the energy required before the movement of any chemical substance is defined as Vāta energy.

Action of Vata according to Astanga Hrdayam ch.11 verse 1

Enthusiasm: Balanced appropriate serotonin action.

Exhalation, inhalation: Action of the respiratory centers.

Activities: Initiation in the parietal lobes dopamine release,, GABA, and acetylcholine in neuromuscular synapses.

Urges: activity of the autonomic nervous system.

Conservation of the tissues: Movement of substances, nutrients, waste products, for the equilibrium of tissues.

- Dr Nikolaos Kostopoulos